Remember When: Star Fleet Battles

Star Fleet Battles has a long and varied history, cutting across what most people would recognise as the Original Star Trek, and forming its own world – that of the Star fleet Universe.

Star Fleet Battles - Advanced Missions
My only surviving box!

Originally produced by Task Force Games, It’s been around since 1979, and has expansions coming out of its ears, of which I own around a half dozen or so. At its heart it’s a ship vs. ship, tactical combat simulator, but it is possible to play with entire fleets, though this is best done using the Federation Commander rules.

The game was designed with the idea of producing a definitive Star Trek combat game, and much was based on Star Trek: The Original Series, a number of fan publications, and the Star Fleet Technical Manual by Franz Joseph. It was the later of these that was blessed by Gene Roddenberry, through whom the licence to produce a Star Trek themed game was granted.

The licence didn’t give full rights, though, and the game contains no reference to the characters or certain events that happened in the official releases. There is limited reference to ship names, such as The Enterprise, but on the whole these are kept to a minimum.

But don’t worry, all the races are here: The Federation, Romulan, Klingon, Gorn, Tholian, Kzinti, Hydran… and so on, and all have the ships one would associate them with – The Klingons have their D7’s and C8’s, whilst the Romulans just wouldn’t be Romulans without a Warbird or two.

The game underwent a few re-releases, with the Commander’s Edition bringing in a total re-write of the rules. Then, in 1990, the Captain’s Edition was released, which proved a greater success, as everything was rearranged into modules with an effort to offer better explanations of the rules.

Unfortunately, Task Force Games collapsed during the mid-nineties, and with it went SFB. But all was not lost. In 1999 Amarillo Design Bureau, Inc. was formed, and with it Star Fleet Battles was resurrected. Again, the rules were evaluated and many re-written; they included the legend ‘1999’ at the bottom of the cover to show the edition.

Star Fleet Battles - Captain's Basic Rulebook

Star Fleet Battles has quite a cult following, especially on-line, and still remains in print. Amarillo also produces miniatures for the game, which are actually quite nice, and come in in a range of colours and finishes.

You may have noticed that, so far, I haven’t mentioned anything about the actual game or how it plays. Well, there’s a reason for that… I didn’t want to put you off just yet! Read on, and all will be revealed…

My Memories

I knew nothing about Star Fleet Battles when I came across it in a small Hobby Games shop, tucked away on the outskirts of Norwich. The Star Trek theme immediately sparked my interest, and as it wasn’t particularly expensive (I can’t recall how much I actually paid, but I think around £30), I walked out of the shop with a smile on my face.

That didn’t last long, though, because then I opened the box!

Imagine the most complex game you’ve ever played. Now, multiply that complexity by 10. Okay, got and idea? Well, you ain’t even close!

Now, imagine my shock when I pulled out the rulebook to find it was 224 pages long, and it’s pretty much all writing.

Just a light read!

This was the Captain’s Basic Rulebook from ADB Inc. and has that ‘1999’ legend at the bottom. Also in the box, I found a booklet containing something called SSD’s, which I later discovered stood for Ship’s System Display, a map full of numbered hexes, a movement chart combined with an energy allocation table, and lots of small punch out ship tokens.

So, for the next few days I settled into reading the rules. I say reading, understanding was another thing altogether!

The book suggests playing the ‘Cadet’s Game’ to help learn how to play, as this only uses around 10% of the rulebook (that’s still 24 pages!). So, that’s what I did. Of course, I learnt to play on my own, which was to become a common trend for this game.

I managed to get to grips with this introductory game, and then slowly incorporated the rest of the rules, and then played with different ships, but boy, was it hard going.

I mentioned earlier that the aim for this game was to be the definitive Star Trek game, and they’ve certainly tried to include everything. Just in the basic rulebook there are rules covering… well, here’s a list:

  • Movement, including Energy cost, acceleration, reversing, sideslip, tactical manoeuvres, separation, sunlight evasion, high-energy turns, breakdown, and positron flywheel!
  • Combat, including firing arcs, shields, damage allocation, self-destruction, fire control systems (sensors, scanners, electronic warfare, etc.), marines, critical hits and damage control.
  • Weapons – Phasers, disruptors, photon torpedoes, drones, seeking weapons, ballistic targeting, Plasma torpedoes, and more.
  • Ship systems, including control systems, hull, labs, security, tractor beams, transporters, cloaking devices, and so on.
  • Power systems, such as warp drive, impulse, auxiliaries, batteries, capacitors, and reserve power.
  • Shuttlecraft.
  • Mine Warfare.
  • Terrain – planets, etc.

Along with all this the book also included information on the races and their ships, and a whole host of scenarios.

There are a lot of great concepts here.

At the start of a round (the game is played simultaneously) each player plots their energy allocation on the ship’s energy allocation form – they work out how much available power they have and then how they are going to distribute it around the ship systems; an amount for movement, weapons, shields and their reinforcement, etc.

Star Fleet Battles - Energy Allocation Form
You have to plot your energy allocation for the upcoming turn.

Movement is carried out using a countdown table, from a maximum of 32. If you have allocated enough energy to move at the maximum speed, then your ship will move on every impulse. Whereas, if you have energy to move at a speed of 16, then in theory you can move every other impulse, though in practice the table allows a little play in this. This is called, proportional movement, and I though it was a great system for giving a thematic feel to movement.

Star Fleet Battles - Movement Chart
Proportional movement, what a great idea!

Moving at high speeds, and thus covering a lot of distance, uses a lot of energy, meaning you may not be able to do anything once you’ve gotten where you’re going, or if something should arise mid turn. So, the whole thing comes down to balancing act, and is very strategic.

The SSD’s are another concept I really liked. These have all the information relevant to the ship you are using, as well as an outline of the ship filled with various little boxes. These boxes represent the ship’s systems, such as warp engines, batteries, phasers, etc. and when damage is done they get crossed off. For example, the left warp engine of a Romulan K7R Battlecruiser contains 15 boxes, meaning it provides 15 units of energy. If damage is sustained to this engine, then a number of boxes may be crossed off, thus reducing the amount of available energy.

Star Fleet Battles - SSD
The Romulan K7R is one of the simpler SSD’s…

Around the ships outline there are also boxes representing the ships shields. Again, as these take damage they become less effective, but can be reinforced and even repaired.

Star Fleet Battles - SSD
… Whereas, the Klingon B10 is slightly more complex!

Weapon systems are varied, there are even several different types of Photon Torpedo in the game, each with their own range and warhead strength – all this information is reflected on the SSD – and is often dependent upon the fit of the ship. Yes, there’s a timeline, which sees ships receiving upgrades and refits!

Each ship has a Basic Point Value, so you can work out rough comparisons before you set up a game.

The complexity just keeps on building, and the biggest issue, at least for me, is remembering it all, even if you introduce a bit at time. It’s the kind of game you have to play regularly, and I mean every week at least, just to stay familiar with the game mechanisms. Every time I got it to the table, I’d be like, “What am I doing!” Of course, I only ever played the game solo, me against me, as try as I might I couldn’t find anyone remotely interested in a game that saw them spend a week just reading the rulebook.

Star Fleet Battles - Rulebooks
Try remembering this lot!

When I did find the time to play several games on the bounce, then things started to come together, and I could see why the game has developed such a cult following. The tactical depth of the game is astounding, especially when you’re still learning the game. You have to learn to think ahead, to plan for the unexpected, and to keep something in reserve, preferably up your sleeve!

When facing down a Klingon D7, it helps to know that ships strengths and weaknesses, as well as your own. What range are its disruptors most powerful (These can be overloaded and quite powerful at certain ranges)? Can I get my Torpedoes off before I come into its range – ah, they take two turns to power up, forgot about that! What about turning speed? Can I out turn it and get in a shot on vulnerable side (each ship has a turn rate, which is dependant upon its current speed)?

Star Fleet Battles
A small Klingon Fleet takes on a couple of Federation CA’s

When I read about this it all sounded fascinating and realistic; I love simulations and this really grabbed me. But when you actually come to play the game for the first few times, it’s a real drag. It slows down the game to a crawl, maybe even going into reverse on occasion, and the amount of bookkeeping makes it problematic when you’re playing on your own.

But still, reading the rules, even now, makes me want to play the game. I get all excited about the tactical nuances of energy allocation. I can imagine being the captain of a ship, making the decision to arm torpedoes and charge into the fray, and getting all distraught as systems start to shut down and damage control has become defunct. If only I had someone who could take care of all the niggly things, like remembering the rules, and then I could just concentrate on saying, ‘Make it so!’

Surprisingly, I went on to buy virtually everything released for this game up until around 2005ish, and now have around a thousand pages of rules and SSD’s filling up a box in my loft.


For starters, I love anything ‘Star Trek’ and I guess I found the rules fascinating, not just in the way they try to encompass everything within that universe, but the mechanisms used to bring a feeling of realism to the game.

Star Fleet Battles - Rulebooks
Advanced Missions anyone? Only another 192 pages!

I found that, by picking and choosing which rules I wanted to use, I could come up with a game that wasn’t so daunting and gave me some pleasure in playing. The rules are well written, there are just a lot of them and they are quite complex. The books are hole punched, and if kept in a file, each expansion’s rules can be slotted into the relevant section, which helps reduce the flipping around to a degree.

Looking back now, and having refreshed myself on some of the basic rules, I really want to play this game again, but then that’s how I’ve always though about Star Fleet Battles – I always want to play it – I just can never be bothered to put the effort, and it is a LOT of effort, into getting it to the table.

I’ll leave you with this little nugget of information I found.

Looking at the BGG entry for the Captain’s Basic Set (224 page rulebook), I found that on the complexity poll, out of a total of 74 people, 4 of these had given this a rating of 1, which is a light game, and 10 gave it a 3, which is a medium weight game. This made me wonder then, what other games do these people play in order to consider this a lightweight game?

23 thoughts on “Remember When: Star Fleet Battles

  1. Some games just stay with you! Enjoyed the read! 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Lol, yes. Thanks John.
      I love all the ideas behind this game and I really want to get it to the table and enjoy it, but when I do, then I remember why I don’t!

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Christopher Nuzzi May 25, 2020 — 00:30

    Try SFB Online. It handles much of the bookkeeping for you, For example, it tallies the damage you receive in combat, then does the damage allocation for you in a second, rather than having to roll all those dice and reference the DAC for each point of damage, then mark it on the SSD.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for that – I’ve considered SFB Online and would really like to give it a go; it’s just a question of time.


  3. My dad tried to teach this one to me when I was like 13. It took me years to go back to it, but I have a friend who I play with on occasion. If you want rules a little simpler, try Federation Commander. It’s by the same company, but it’s VERY streamlined. Only 6 phases per turn instead of 32, and everything’s been simplified greatly. You can run a game in an hour or so, or play larger games of multiple ships in the time it would take you to run a 1 on 1 engagement with SFB.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for the comment Mark. Yes, I have played Federation Commander, though a long time ago, and though the rules are far simpler It’s like the thought of being on a diet – you’d have to eat that little bit of chicken but what you really want is that huge steak!

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Thanks for writing about Star Fleet Battles. I never played the new version you talked about. My friends and I played the original version before the original expansions were grouped together into a box. I never realized it was a heavy game until I came back to board gaming a few years ago. Playing with friends is one of the best memories I have of board gaming and growing up. I appreciate thinking about it again after all these years.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks Doug – glad it brought back happy memories.


  5. Todd dunston May 29, 2020 — 03:17

    A friend got me started on sfb in 1980. Box game and 3 pocket expansions. Now, I’ve everything made for sfb & sfmarines. I still play mostly by myself, but still enjoy playing as much as when started. I’d recommend any ship/space battle game to try it. The depth , history, game play are awesome. Can be daunting at 1st, but very rewarding. And as always KLINGONS RULE!!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for the comments, Todd.
      It’s amazing how many people took the game to heart from the 80’s and still play it today.
      It is probably its depth and and technical relationship to the shows that give it that longevity.
      Can’t argue, I’m a Klingon fan myself!


  6. Andrew Granger Jun 25, 2020 — 11:28

    The best thing about the rules is exactly what you pointed out, you can take what you want and leave the rest. I have played since 1987, have taught several people how to play including my kids and have rarely used the electronic warfare rules. Most of the rulebook just explains how the different systems interact with each other which helps when questions come up but can be otherwise skipped. Definitely not a quick game but if you want a fun and exciting night full of gaming it is a winner.

    Liked by 1 person

  7. Gregg Wieland Sep 26, 2020 — 15:08

    I LOVE this game. I made it easier to “pick and choose” my rules along with the the gaming club I once belonged to. We used the BASIC Rulebook and the Tournament Rulebook. The TRB contains the rules from Advance Missions, and Expansion C1 – C3 that are allowed in tourneys, edited to fit nicely into the Basic Rulebook. No matter where I have played, even while in the military, this rulebook covered every thing allowed by the groups I joined. It is available at ADB

    Liked by 1 person

  8. ‘Sunlight evasion’? Chuckle….
    Thnx for thots, playing since ’79…

    Liked by 1 person

  9. Great review. Also love this game. Have introduced it to a few people by, as others, putting together a greatly reduced set of core rules. I have a 20 page binder (with big print) that covers the general things people need to understand. People can start playing in 15 minutes, and learn things as they go. Definitely leaves out tons of options like electronic warfare, mines, cloaking, for later games.
    Also put together a spreadsheet that has energy allocation form which also has a tab for the movement chart. Allows folks to quickly track power allocation and also filters the impulse chart to just the speeds in play that turn. Makes it way easier than reading the impulse chart! With the ubiquity of tablets, it is easy to share this with all the players. Becomes a bit tricky if managing multiple ships.
    As others said, I think this is a great game for a night’s worth of tense and tactical fun, even with the age of the system.

    Liked by 1 person

  10. Thanks for the article. It sure brings back memories.

    I was obsessed with SFB for many years – sometimes staying up all night only to be hopelessly bleary-eyed in classes the next day. I would read and re-read the rulebook just for fun, and day-dream about tournament tactics. I was lucky enough to have a couple of friends that were also into the game, but life changed and soon I was running scenarios on the kitchen table by myself. And with for-real jobs and family, there was soon little time for even that.

    SFB Online, eh? I’ll have to check it out. I still have a box full of rules and SSDs lurking in the garage. Might have to dig out that rule book.

    Liked by 1 person

  11. My oldest son started lobbying to pull this game out after years of it sitting in the basement. I told him we do it only as a reward for him getting resume’s out for a different job and me starting on either a book or board certification. Any of those might be simpler than the game.

    Liked by 1 person

  12. I really liked the article! I played SFB for over 25 years & I remember my own steep learning curve back in the mid 80’s when I learned to play the Commanders Edition – which was not as well organised as the later editions!
    Despite its complexity, SFB’s saving grace was its tactical depth – the sheer variety of things you could do (often simultaneously) meant you & your opponent could never
    be quite sure what the other guy was up to – but that was also its weakness, because to get that depth of play you really needed another player, and it simply didn’t work played solo (no cunning plans there!). So, after some 25+ years I quit playing when my main opponent quit (he moved on to collectible stuff) & no one else I knew could be bothered to learn to play – RPG’s were their thing. So I let go.
    What I really liked was SFB is a game of tactical skill first and foremost, dice rolls second. If you bungle your EA, get your speed wrong, or your oblique approach goes pear shaped, all those lucky dice rolls probably won’t save your D7 from that angry Hydran Ranger, and you can’t rely on luck to cancel out a bad plan.
    I miss it sometimes. But without an experienced opponent to play against it was just hard solo slogging & a long set-up/tidy up time!

    Liked by 1 person

  13. Hans Winterfield May 5, 2022 — 00:59

    My friends and I played SFB as my first tabletop game back when I was 14 and we lacked basic ‘gaming sense’. We’d spend more time arguing about the rules than playing the game, but we played it every weekend.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Now, that’s what I call an introduction to the hobby!😮


  14. I owe a debt to Star Fleet Battles.

    I enjoyed playing the game in the 80’s with a great set of Star Trek miniatures but found the Damage Allocation rules a bit tedious. In SFB you need to roll dice for each hit received from an opponent’s starship to work out what system was damaged. For example, a blast of 22 hits from a Klingon battlecruiser would be a lot of dice rolling and that wastes a lot of time. Being pragmatic, I thought that a computer could do this better. So I motivated to teach myself computer programming and write a program to speed things up. It was common for our games to then include a pc near the table that could do all the grunt work while we enjoyed all the other aspects of the game.

    It was the first program I ever wrote and now I am employed as a Senior developer.

    Liked by 1 person

  15. Hi there.

    Loved the review and the notes.

    I first started playing with the original “zip lock” edition, and when the changes to the rules came fast and furious (along with the errata!). Mind you, that was an advantage, in that I learned the game from the very very basic version,and as new expansions/versions came out, they were just changes to an established base line…

    With the current edition, I think it fair to say it takes a specific type of person to sit down with a 200+ page rule book and get stuck in!!!If anyone wants to learn this game now, I, would really really really recommend getting someone who knows the game to teach you!

    Anyway – loved the memories, and I loved playing the game (I was a hard person to beat when flying a D7L or D7W – Klingons for the win :-))

    Stay well

    Liked by 1 person

  16. Learned to play SFB in the 1980s. Loved it! We learned to impose a time limit on energy allocation and deciding what to do each impulse. That sped up the game from 6 plus hours to only 2 or 3. Now all my friends are in different states. Would love to play this game again sometime…

    Liked by 1 person

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